Because most sorts of contraception have an opportunity of failing, however small it will be, there’s always an opportunity for pregnancy can happen if you’re having sex. you’ll be taking the pill daily or your IUD could also be in situ, but you’ll still discover at some point that you’re pregnant. It might be shocking in fact — and frightening. Could there be negative repercussions for your unborn baby because you continued contraception while you were unknowingly pregnant?
If the contraception you were using may be a barrier method, like a condom, sponge, diaphragm, spermicide, Phexxi, or some combination thereof, there is no got to worry.
These methods are nonhormonal, and stop pregnancy by physically blocking sperm from fertilizing the egg or by creating an inhospitable environment for sperm. It’s fine, even encouraged, to use a condom during pregnancy if you’re concerned about sexually transmitted infections (via Healthline).
Other sorts of contraception are supported hormones. These include the pill, Nexplanon (an implant inserted under the skin of the upper arm), a patch worn on the skin, a versatile ring worn inside the vagina, Depo-Provera (an injection given every three months), and one sort of IUD, consistent with Planned Parenthood. there is a second sort of IUD that uses copper rather than hormones to stop pregnancy.
What do you have to do if you become pregnant while on hormonal contraception, or while using the IUD? Below, we provide some advice.
Pregnancy while using hormonal forms of birth control
For all sorts of hormonal contraception, the “typical use” failure rate ranges from 0.1% to 7% (per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). For the pill specifically, it’s 99.7% effective at preventing pregnancy with perfect use, but closer to 91% with typical use (per Medical News Today).
the explanations for decreased effectiveness include missing each day, not taking the pill at an equivalent time a day, vomiting thanks to illness, skipping days between packs, or taking medication that interferes with the pill’s effectiveness.
If you were using the pill or another sort of hormonal contraceptive before you discovered your pregnancy, don’t panic. There appears to be no link between taking oral contraceptives around the time of conception and abnormalities within the embryo (via Healthline).
There had been confusion because research conducted before 2005 suggested that the hormone progestin, taken early in pregnancy, led to an increased risk of a congenital tract defect in males (via JAMA Pediatrics). However, today’s consensus is that this is not true for the modern-day pill, which contains too low a dose of progestin to try to harm (per Verywell Health).
Although there is no danger to you, your pregnancy, or your baby from pill use in early pregnancy, you ought to stop taking it once you confirm conception. albeit you only suspect you’re pregnant and haven’t yet taken a test, discontinue the pill, and use a barrier method of contraception until you get results. an equivalent is true for the other sort of hormonal contraception.
If you become pregnant while using an IUD
The chances of becoming pregnant with an IUD, whether it is the one hooked into hormones or the copper variety, are slim, but it can be problematic. The question is, should the IUD be left in or taken out?
Leaving the IUD within the uterus during pregnancy may cause a better chance of miscarriage also as premature birth. the rise is about 40% and 500%, respectively (via Verywell Health). There’s also the danger of developing a condition called chorioamnionitis, which is an infection of the amnionic fluid and therefore the membranes surrounding the developing baby (per Healthline).
This condition is one of the causes of premature birth. then there’s the possible link between an IUD left during pregnancy and placental abruption, which is when the placenta detaches from the uterine wall — a significant situation that will deprive the baby of oxygen and requires emergency care (per the Mayo Clinic).
Finally, there is a higher chance of the pregnancy being ectopic (via Insider). When the embryo implants during a Fallopian tube, instead of within the uterus, the pregnancy is often life-threatening.
Considering these complications, it’s recommended that an IUD be removed as soon as possible after a pregnancy is confirmed. confine mind that although there is a small risk of miscarriage being caused by removing the IUD, it’s generally less than the danger of leaving the device in situ.